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Bundi Architectural Heritage of a Forgotten Rajput Capital

Why Bundi Architectural Heritage of a Forgotten Rajput Capital is in the news?

The Ministry of Tourism organized a series of ‘Dekho Apna Desh‘ webinar titled ‘Bundi: Architectural Heritage of a Forgotten Rajput Capital‘ on October 24, 2020, focusing on the Bundi district of Rajasthan.

Bundi-Architectural Heritage an objective:

    • The small historical cities located around the major power centers of medieval India are currently in a state of anonymity.
    • Due to the vast geography of India, the attention of the tourists towards the small cities and towns has become very less, so it is very important to make the tourists aware of these areas, so that the common people can know the historical significance of these areas.
    • They could be developed as a tourist destination.

‘Dekha Apna Desh’ webinar series

  • The Ministry of Tourism, Government of India has launched the ‘Dekho Apna Desh‘ webinar series from April 14, 2020.
  • The purpose of this webinar series is to provide information about many destinations in India as well as to provide deep and detailed information about the culture and heritage of Incredible India.
Bundi-Architectural Heritage
Bundi-Architectural Heritage

Bundi: Pre-Mughal Period

  • Bundi is the erstwhile capital of Hada Rajput province, formerly known as Hadauti in southeastern Rajasthan.
  • Bundi is also known as the city of stepwell, Blue city and Chhoti Kashi. In the ancient times, the area around Bundi was clearly the abode of various local tribes, among whom the Parihar tribe, Meena, etc.
  • The region was later ruled by Rao Dev, who captured Bundi in 1242 and renamed the surrounding area to Hadauti or Haroti.

The Darwajas in Bundi can be classified as follows:

      • Entrance gateways of Taragarh, the oldest Darwajas.
      • Four Darwajas of walled  city.
      • Outer city wall Darwajas.
      • Darwajas on the main roads of the boundary wall.
      • Small Darwajas built

The Kotwali Darwajas and Nagar Pol Sadar Bazar walls were built within the city.

Architecture of Bundi

  • It was known as Chhoti Kashi due to the presence of more than a hundred temples within and around Bundi.
  • In the early phase of the development of Bundi, the classical Nagara style was prevalent in the temples built, while in the later stages the new concept of the temple came out by mixing the architecture of the traditional haveli with the classical Nagar style.
  • The Jain temples here developed the third style of temple architecture in an introverted form, which combined the central courtyard with distinctive Jain temple features such as a circular archway at the entrance, large densely opaque stone and shikhara-style shikara at the sanctum sanctorum. had gone.
  • A fourth style of temple architecture also emerged in the form of high-ranked temples.

Bundi’s architectural heritage can be classified into six types:

    • Citadel (fort)
      • Taragarh
    • Garh Mahal (Royal Palace)
      • Bhaj Mahal
      • Chatra Mahal
      • Umaid Mahal
    • Stepwell
      • Search door step
      • Bhalwadi Bawri
    • Kund (stepped tank)
      • Dhabhai ji ka kund
      • Nagar Kund and Sagar Kund
      • Rani Kund
    • Sagar Mahal (Lake Palace)
      • Moti Mahal
      • Sukh Mahal
      • Hunting turret
    • Umbrella
      • 84 pillared umbrella

Additional Information

Taragarh Fort:
  • Taragarh Fort was built by Rao Raja Baira Singh in the year 1354 on a 1454 feet high hill.
  • The palace is a prominent example of the Rajput style, with the curved roofs of the pavilions, the plethora of temple columns and elephants, and the lotus shape.
  • In the centre of the fort is located Bhim Bhurj on which was once mounted a particularly large cannon called Garbh Gunjam, or ‘Thunder from the Womb’.
Sukh Mahal:
  • This is a small two storeyed palace used by the rulers during the summer season. Situated on the banks of Jaitsagar lake, this palace was built by Rao Raja Vishnu Singh in the year 1773.
Raniji Ki Bawdi:
  • Raniji Ki Bawdi is a famous stepwell built by Rani Nathavati. This multi-storey stepwell displays the exquisite carvings of Gajraj.

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