On 27 September 2020, the Indian Prime Minister paid homage to Shaheed Bhagat Singh, a day before the 113th birth anniversary of him and called him a symbol of bravery and courage.
The Legend of Bhagat Singh key points:
- Bhagat Singh was born on 28 September 1907 in Lyallpur district of Punjab province of British India. Which is currently in Pakistan.
- In 1919, at the age of 12, Bhagat Singh visited the site of the Jallianwala Bagh massacre where thousands of unarmed people were killed during a public meeting.
- Bhagat Singh was disillusioned with Gandhiji’s philosophy of non-violence as Mahatma Gandhi ended the non-cooperation movement due to the Chauri-Chaura incident.
- After this Bhagat Singh joined the ‘Young Revolutionary Movement‘ and advocated violently removing the British Government from India.
- In the year 1923, Bhagat Singh attended the ‘National College’ in Lahore where he also participated in extra-curricular activities like the Natya Samaj.
- Bhagat Singh considered Kartar Singh Sarabha as his ideal. Who was a founding member of the Ghadar Party.
- Bhagat Singh was attracted to Anarchism and Communism. He was an avid reader of the teachings of Mikhail Bakunin and also read Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky.
- Inspired by the ‘Young Italy Movement’ of Giuseppe Mazzini, he founded the Indian Socialist Youth Organization ‘Naujawan Bharat Sabha‘ in March 1926.
- Giuseppe Mazzini was an Italian politician, journalist, an activist for the unification of Italy and head of the Italian Revolutionary Movement.
- He was a staunch opponent of the monarchy. Italy became independent and integrated with their efforts.
- Veer Savarkar considered Mazzini as his ideal hero and Lala Lajpat Rai Mazzini as his political guru. Lala Lajpat Rai later translated Mazzini’s famous work ‘The Duties of Man’ into Urdu.
- Bhagat Singh also joined the Hindustan Republican Association, whose leading leaders were Chandrashekhar Azad, Ram Prasad Bismil and Shahid Ashfaqallah Khan.
- In order to conduct the revolutionary movement in the country properly, in October 1924, the young revolutionaries convened a conference in Kanpur and established a revolutionary organization called ‘Hindustan Republican Association’. Its founders were Shachindra Nath Sanyal (President), Ram Prasad Bismil, Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee and Chandrashekhar Azad.
- In 1928, under the leadership of Chandrashekhar Azad, the ‘Hindustan Republican Association‘ was renamed to ‘Hindustan Socialist Republican Association’ (Hindustan Socialist Republican Association- HSRA) at Ferozeshah Kotla Maidan in Delhi with the aim of establishing a socialist, republican state in India. Had to do.
- The murder of Assistant Superintendent of Police Sanders on October 30, 1928 by Bhagat Singh, Chandra Shekhar Azad and Rajguru, who attacked Lala Lajpat Rai at the time of the Simon Commission protests, was the first revolutionary activity of this organization (HSRA).
- Two members of the HSRA, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt, threw bombs at the Central Assembly in Delhi on 8 April 1929, both of them arrested and prosecuted under the Central Assembly bombings. Later, other members of this organization were also arrested and a total of 16 revolutionaries were tried under the Lahore Conspiracy Case.
Shaheed Bhagat Singh memorial
- Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged. All three were hanged on March 23, 1931.
His funeral was secretly performed on the banks of the Sutlej River in Ferozepur district of Punjab province, where the present-day Shaheed Bhagat Singh memorial is located.
- ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ was first used as a slogan by Bhagat Singh. It was Bhagat Singh who made this slogan famous.