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South Asian Flash Flood Guidance System

Recently, the South Asian Flash Flood Guidance System- FFGS by the India Meteorological Department (IMD) to tackle the challenge of flash floods or flash floods in South Asian countries. A guidance system called.

South Asian Flash Flood Guidance System key points:

  • According to data from the World Meteorological Organization- WMO, about 5,000 people die every year worldwide due to flash floods.
  • Under the initiative of IMD, a dedicated FFGS center will be established in New Delhi, where related data received from member countries over the years will be reviewed.
  • Flash flood warnings will be issued to the countries concerned based on the forecast of rainfall and possible floods.
  • Under this, the National Center for Meteorological and Hydrological Services will be issued a warning of flash flood hazard six hours in advance, while the flood risk warning 24 hours in advance and the water separator level 12 hours in advance.

Flash Flood:

  • Flash floods or sudden floods mean those flood events where the water level rises significantly during (or after) a few hours of rain.
  • Flash floods are short duration highly localized events with very high booms. The period between the onset of rains and extreme flood events is usually less than six hours.
  • Most countries in the world lack the ability to issue flash flood warnings.
  • The implementation of a ‘Flash Flood Guidance System’ (FFGS) project with global coverage was approved by the Fifteenth Congress of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in view of the flash flood and its catastrophe.
  • The project has been designed in collaboration with the Hydrological Commission of the WMO, the US National Weather Service, the US Water Research Center, the United States International Development Agency (USAID), etc.

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